Jan 08

HabAr # Blagovest Nyagulov, From fiction to reality : the Macedonian minority in Romania (summary)

Catégorie : HabariEditeur @ 2:29 pm

 

Subject of research in the study is “the newest of the national minorities” in Romania – the Macedonian minority, which was born at the dawn of the twenty-first century, but claims that “comes from a people with a millennia long history”.

Through interdisciplinary analysis, including historical one, the author seeks answers to the questions of how and to what extent a fiction of a minority can become reality nowadays. For this purpose, the following issues are investigated: the internal ethno-political preconditions for the emergence of the minority such as Romania’s policy of positive discrimination against the small minority groups through special parliamentary quotas and generous funding of their organizational and cultural activities, as well as the inter-ethnic conflict or crisis among the Bulgarian minority; Romanian-Macedonian context in relation to the political interests of the official Bucharest to Aroumanians and their constitutional recognition in Macedonia, which is a prerequisite to Romania’s support of the process of formation of the Macedonian minority in Romania in the logic of reciprocity in international relations; political history of the minority, which began as an imitation of representation on behalf of an initially fully imagined community; construction of a Macedonian minority as an organization and identity, which takes place on an imaginary or ethnic Bulgarian “terrain”, following the model of creation of the Macedonian nation in the Yugoslavian and post-Yugoslavian Macedonia, and demonstrates a significant discrepancy between propaganda and real facts; ethno-demographic portrait of the new minority, which, as presented by its representatives, is almost entirely imagined, created at the expense of settlers from the lands south of the Danube marked in the Romanian historical sources as “Bulgarians” or “Serbs” (as sometimes Bulgarians are denoted) and contains inexplicable paradoxes especially in relation to the matches between the exonym of Aromanians in Romania (called macedoromâni, macedono-vlahi, machedoni, etc.) and the ethnonym of modern Macedonians (macedonenii slavi or macedoneni); historical traces of the Romanian Macedonians, who are mostly with Bulgarian identity. The late onset and current history of the Macedonian minority in Romania illustrate the ongoing fracturing and new affirmations in Eastern Europe and the Balkans in the spirit of the regionally traditional ethnic understanding of nation. At the same time they give expression to some defects in the application of positive discrimination, which is proposed, imposed and perceived as a liberal tool in terms of democratization in the former socialist countries. The “little” issue of the Macedonians in Romania is also projected in the Bulgarian-Macedonian debate about the identity of the Slavic population in the region of Macedonia…

/Blagovest Nyagulov,  From fiction to reality : the Macedonian minority in Romania (От фикция към реалност: македонското малцинство в Румъния), Sofia : Istoriceski pregled 5/6-2014/

 

Une réponse à “HabAr # Blagovest Nyagulov, From fiction to reality : the Macedonian minority in Romania (summary)”

  1. nicolas trifon a dit :

    Pe Facebook, SiaSya a scris : Cel mai stupid articol pe care l-am citit. Si credeam ca mai rau de atat nu se poate, dar este cat se poate de real fenomenul de <> nu exista sau exista sub entitatea de fantome. Dealtfel inexistenta unei autoritati sau reprezentante a armanilor, macedonenilor in favoarea lor si nu doar cu numele atunci desigur ca…. nu exista!

    Buna, Siasia, atentie, vorbind despre « macedonenii » recunoscuti recent drept minoritate nationala de statul român, autorul, cercetator de la Institutul de istorie din Sofia, nu se refera la aromâni ci la membrii natiunii macedonene, care este majoritara în tara care poarta acest nume. La recensamantul din 2002, 731 de persoane s-au declarat în România « macedoneni ». Unii dintre ei erau poate aromâni, ceea ce nu are mare semnificatie având în vedere ca la acelasi recensamânt 25.053 de persoane s-au declarat aromâni 1.334 macedoromâni.
    Bulgaria recunoaste statul macedonean nu însa si existenta unei limbi macedonene diferite de bulgara. Diferentele între bulgara si macedoneana standard sunt relativ mici, locutorii celor doua limbi se înteleg destul de usor între ei, însa reale. De notat este faptul ca diferentele sunt mult mai mari între aromâna si româna, aceste doua limbi nefiind reciproc inteligibile.
    Cât despre aromâni, el atrage doar atentia asupra confuziei stârnite de faptul ca aromânii sunt cunoscuti în România si cu numele de « macedoneni », ceea ce este cazul numai în aceasta tara. Intr-adevar, nimeni în Grecia, Albania, Bulgaria sau Macedonia nu-i numeste pe aromâni « macedoneni » ci vlassi, vlahos, ciobani, tintari, si, mai recent, dar înca prea rar din pacate, « armâni ». Ei însisi isi zic armâni sau rrâmâni. Numele de « macedonean » desemneaza locuitorii regiunii geografice împartita între Grecia, Bulgaria si Macedonia, deci inclusiv aromânilor care locuiesc acolo, precum si cetatenilor Republicii Macedonia.

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